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After adding an I/O module to your Studio 5000 Logix Designer project, Studio 5000 Logix Designer automatically creates the tags for the I/O module.
To use these tags, you need to understand how the tags for an I/O module are represented in a project and what tags are available for a module. In this edition of Learn Logix, I will explain how to interpret the tags which are created for an I/O module in a project.
When you add an I/O module to a Studio 5000 Logix Designer project, the tags for that I/O module are automatically added to the project. The tags for a module are grouped together in a structure called a module-defined data type. As the name implies, the contents of the structure are defined by the module and each module can have its own module-defined data type.
Module-defined tags are automatically created as Controller scoped tags. This means that the tags are available to use in all of the programs in a Studio 5000 Logix Designer project.
The tags in a module-defined type are automatically named by Studio 5000 Logix Designer. The names of the tags in a module-defined type follow a standard format. That format is: Location:Slot:Type.Member.Bit.
The Location element indicates if the module is a local or remote I/O module. Remember that a local I/O module is an I/O module that is installed in the same chassis as the controller.
The Slot element specifies which slot of the chassis the I/O module is mounted in.
The Type element specifies the type of the data. Possible types include "I" for input data, "O" for output data, and "C" for configuration data. The type is labelled from the controller's perspective so Input data is data sent from the I/O module to the controller and Output data is data sent from the controller to the I/O module.
The Member element specifies a logical name for the tag's data such as "Data", "Fault", "CSTTimestamp".
Finally, Bit is an optional element that specifies which bit of the Member element is being access. In a digital I/O module, each I/O point is represented by a Bit in the Data Member of the module-defined type.
The name of a module-defined tag cannot be changed but, as we will see later on, an alias can be used to give a module-defined tag an alternate name that you can use in your application code.
The tags in a module-defined type are used to configure an I/O module, detect faults and diagnostic information, and monitor and control the state of an I/O module.
For example, when we added the 1756-OB16D module to our project, a set of tags were created for the module. We can view the tags that were created by opening the Controller Tags Table in the Studio 5000 Logix Designer project.
In the structure, the Local:0:C tags store the configuration data for the module. We can use these tags to check and edit the configuration of the module. For example, we can use the tag Local:0:C.FaultLatchEn to enable or disabled the Fault Latching feature of the output module.
The Local:0:I tags contain the data sent from the module to the controller. We can use these tag to to monitor the status of the module. For example, the tag Local:0:I.Fault tag can be used to determine if the module has an active fault.
Finally, the Local:0:O tags contain the output data sent from the controller to the module. We could write the value True to the tag Local:0:O.Data.0 to turn on the first output point of the module.
We'll see how to use module-defined tags in more detail in a later edition of Learn Logix.
In this tutorial, we learned what module-defined tags are, how to interpret module-defined tag names, and explored the data that is available in module-defined tags.
Now you can use module-defined tags in a Studio 5000 Logix Designer project to monitor the status of an I/O module, read data from or write data to I/O points, and check and modify the configuration of an I/O module.
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